The Senior European Experts

The Senior European Experts group is an independent body consisting of former high-ranking British diplomats and civil servants, including several former UK ambassadors to the EU, and former officials of the institutions of the EU. British Influence provides their secretariat and makes the SEE's briefings available to the general public.

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Expert Briefing Papers


How the EU works
The UK and the EU

  The Economic Benefits to the UK of
      EU Membership

  The Wider Benefits of UK Membership       of the EU

  The UK’s Contribution to the EU Budget

  Britain & EU Migrants: An Update

  The EU & Weights and Measures

  The Party Election Manifestos & the       European Union

  The EU Referendum Bill 2015

  The UK and the EU: Are there       Alternatives to EU Membership?

  Is the EU becoming a European       “Superstate”?

  Immigration, the EU and Britain

  Euro ins and Euro outs: The UK       Renegotiation Agreement

  Britain & the EU: Supportive Statements

  The UK’s Contribution to the EU Budget:       A Brief Guide

  Britain & the EU: The Historic Debate

  Britain & the EU: What the Balance of       Competences Review Found















  • Evidence submitted to the Balance of Competences Review

  •   The Balance of Competences Review:       Agriculture

      The Balance of Competences Review:       Animal Health & Welfare

      The Balance of Competences Review:       Competition & Consumer Policy

      The Balance of Competences Review:
          EU Enlargement

      The Balance of Competences Review:       Environment & Climate Change

      The Balance of Competences Review:       Fisheries

      The Balance of Competences Review:       Foreign Policy

      The Balance of Competences Review:       Internal Market

      The Balance of Competences Review:       Police & Criminal Justice

      The Balance of Competences Review:       Subsidiarity & Proportionality

      The Balance of Competences Review:       Trade & Investment









    Prosperity




    Who are the Senior European Experts?

    • Sir Michael Arthur
    • Director-General Europe, Foreign & Commonwealth Office, 2001-2003
      British High Commissioner to India, 2003-2007
      British Ambassador to Germany, 2007-2010
    • Graham Avery
    • Director, European Commission, 1987-2006
    • Sir David Bostock
    • UK Deputy Permanent Representative to the EU, 1995-1998
      Member of the European Court of Auditors, 2002-2013
    • Sir Colin Budd
    • Chair of the Joint Intelligence Committee, 1996-1997
      British Ambassador to the Netherlands, 2001-2005
    • Lord Butler of Brockwell
    • Secretary to the Cabinet and Head of the Home Civil Service, 1988-1998
    • Anthony Cary
    • Head of the European Union (Internal) Department, Foreign & Commonwealth Office, 1993-1996
      Chef de cabinet to Chris Patten, European Commission, 1999-2003
      British Ambassador to Sweden, 2003-2006
    • John Cooke
    • Member of the UK Permanent Representation to the European Commission, 1969-1973 & 1976-1977
      Under-Secretary of the International Trade Policy Division, Department of Trade and Industry, 1992-1996
      Chair of the OECD Trade Committee, 1996-1997
    • Sir Brian Crowe
    • Director-General for External Relations, General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union, 1994-2002
      Previously Deputy Under-Secretary for Economic Affairs, Foreign & Commonwealth Office
    • Sir Alan Dashwood QC
    • Former Director in the Legal Service of the Council of Ministers
      Professor of European Law at the University of Cambridge, 1995-2009
    • Sir David Elliott
    • UK Deputy Permanent Representative to the EU, 1982-1991
      Director-General (Internal Market), Council of the European Union, 1991-1995
    • Lord Hannay of Chiswick
      Chair of the Senior European Experts
    • UK Permanent Representative to the European Communities, 1985-1990
      UK Permanent Representative to the United Nations, 1990-1995
    • Lord Jay of Ewelme
    • British Ambassador to France, 1996-2001
      Permanent Under-Secretary of State, Foreign & Commonwealth Office, 2002-2006
    • Lord Kerr of Kinlochard
    • UK Permanent Representative to the EU, 1990-1995
      Permanent Under-Secretary of State, Foreign & Commonwealth Office, 1997-2002
    • Anne Lambert
    • UK Deputy Permanent Representative to the EU, 2003-2008
    • Andy Lebrecht
    • UK Deputy Permanent Representative to the EU, 2008-2012
    • Sir Emyr Jones Parry
    • UK Permanent Representative to NATO, 2001-2003, and to the UN, 2003-2007
      President of Aberystwyth University
    • Sir Nigel Sheinwald
    • UK Permanent Representative to the EU, 2000-2003
      Foreign Policy & Defence Adviser to the Prime Minister, 2003-2007
      British Ambassador to the United States, 2007-2012
    • Michael Welsh
    • Member of the European Parliament for Central Lancashire, 1979-1994